Topic: Bharatnatyam - An Indian Dance Form

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I have been learning Bharatnatyam in Hamilton for the past 6 years. I have finished my 6 years if formal training and will be achieving Visharad Purna.

Bharata Natyam comes from the words Bhava (Expression), Raga (Music), Tala (Rhythm) and Natya (Classic Indian Musical Theatre). Today, it is one of the most popular and widely performed dance styles and is practiced by many dancers all over the world.

Bharatnatyam is the Indian classical dance from Tamil Nadu in South India. It is one of the oldest and richest classical dance of India. Bharata Natyam comes from the words Bhava (expression), Raga (music), Tala (rhythm) and Natya (Classic Indian Musical Theatre).

Bharatnatyam is basically a solo dance which includes both pure steps (nritta) and expression (abhinaya) in equal measures. The meaning of the lyrics of the song the dancer dances to is conveyed to the audience with the help of hand gestures (mudra) and facial expression. It mostly has a love or a devotional theme which are based on the stories of Radha-Krishna, Shiv-Parvati.

The basic posture of Bharatnatyam is called ‘Ardhamandali' and s extremely important. This is the half seat position where the body is broken up in a series of triangles. The first triangle is formed by a line joining the two outstretched knees as the base and the heels as its apex. Similarly, the second triangle is formed by line joining the outstretched knees as the base and the waist as the apex. The third triangle is formed with the waist being the apex and the line joining the shoulders being the base. This position is very important in Bharatnatyam and the entire dance is based on this position.

The basic steps of Bharatnatyam dance are called aduvus. There are around about hundred variations of aduvus.
The ability to show any object by hand is called mudra. There are 3 types of mudra:
· Asamyukta mudras are mudras shown using one hand only. There are 32 mudras in this category
· Samyukta mudras are mudras that shown using both hands with the same mudra in each hand. There are 23 in this category
· Mishra mudra are mudras shown using both hands but each hand have a different mudra
The techniques of communicating a message through facial expression, movement of eyes is called abhinaya
Bharatnatyam dances are a combination of aduvus, mudras and expression.

 

 

Bharatnatyam - An Indian Dance Form


First Names:Prajakta
Last Name:Modak
Place of Birth:India
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 New Zealand License
Bharatnatyam - An Indian Dance Form by prajakta is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 New Zealand License